Monday, 6 June 2016

A Detailed History Of The Notre Dame Paris

Cathédrale Notre Dame de Paris means ‘Our Lady of Paris’ and it is a magnificent cathedral, located at Île de la Cité. The landmark depicts the French Gothic Architecture with spectacular stained glass. The landmark is an active Catholic Church, and it attracts pilgrims from all over the world. More importantly, it is a significant symbol of Catholicism in France and it attracts approximately 13 million visitors per year. The landmark hosts various religious events, which have national significance

The History

Notably, Notre Dame Paris is a preceding version of the original ‘magnificent church’. Initially, king of the Franks, Childebert I built the first cathedral in 528. Nonetheless, in 1160, Bishop Maurice oversaw the cathedral’s demolition. Thereafter, the construction of the current cathedral started in 1163, during the reign of King Louis VII. Essentially, various architects oversaw the construction of the cathedral, and that is reason why the cathedral has differing symmetry on the towers and the west front

Fundamentally, the cathedral came to completion in 1345. However, the Cathédrale Notre Dame de Paris underwent through significant alterations during the ruling of Louis XIV and Louis XV, towards the completion of the 17th century. The alterations destroyed several tombs and stained glasses. However, the significant damage occurred in 1793 during the French Revolution. The rebels destroyed many sculptures and treasures at this time. The restoration of the cathedral started in 1845, and the architects took 23 years to complete the work.

In August 26, 1944, a celebration mass took place at Notre Dame after the liberation of Paris. In addition, a Requiem Mass of Charles de Gaulle, who was a General, took place in the cathedral on 12 November 1970. In 1991, the cathedral underwent through another restoration program, which included cleaning and refurbishment of the sculptures. Consequently, the stones and the sculptures shine with rich gleam after the refurbishment. It is one of the most popular Paris attractions.
The Architecture

One of the significant things to admire is the ancient architecture, which stands out because of the flying buttress. The west front of the Cathédrale Notre Dame de Paris has two distinct 69-meter twin towers. The South Tower holds the ‘Emmanuel’, which is the famous bell at the cathedral. The bell recasting took place in 1631. The Galerie des Chimères connects the two towers, and it is adorned with the cathedral’s famous gargoyles

In addition, the cathedral has magnificent stained glass windows, which make up one of the most popular Paris attractions. Some of the stained glass date back in the 13th century. For example, the three rose windows glitter in the light on the west door depicts the beautiful 13th-century French Gothic art.
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